This lecture was delivered in the Fish Culture Development training course which is annually organized by the Egyptian International Centre for Agriculture (EICA). The lecture addressed the features of rural communities as an introduction to rural aquaculture. The appropriate farming system had to discuss the farming systems as well as the species. Models of rural aquaculture are discussed including rice-fish culture, cage aquaculture, duck-fish and poultry-fish culture. The key issues related to the promotion of rural aquaculture at national levels have been discussed including the role of extension agents and the importance of the participatory approach keeping in mind the adoption curve. The lecture brought in case studies in which subsidies as well as related issues are discussed. The social dimension has been highlighted throughout the lecture.