Inland fishery and aquaculture in Thailand

Credit: Proyrat Chaowajaroenpong and Ong-art Kumprasert (Thailand)

The major inland water bodies available for freshwater fishery development and aquaculture include 66 rivers, 10,233 lakes, 685 reservoirs and man-made lakes. The total water surface of 566,400 ha. Fish catch from inland fishery amounted 230,000 tons in 2008 of the value of 710,000 U$.

Thai inland fishery plays an important role as a major source of animal protein for the rural people in the remote areas, particularly in the northern provinces. Major species caught from inland fishery include local carp, rohu, Nile tilapia, and catfish.

The popular species cultured in freshwater aquaculture include common silver barbs, (Barbodes gonionotus); Günther’s walking catfish, (Clarias  macrocephalus); Nile tilapia, (Oreochromis niloticus); Striped catfish, (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus); Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas); and Giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium  rosenbergii).

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