Credit: Anna Jamil (Indonesia)
The photo shows the plantation of artificial coral reef. Even though the purpose of coral transplantation may vary, ecological issues remain the main focus. Artificial reefs contribute to the restoration of marine ecosystem, reduce the impact of marine erosion, and serve as refugees for growing of ornamental fish. Stakeholders related to the transplantation of coral reef include marine conservation agencies, NGOs, research institutes and private sector. For example, the center of coral transplantation in Bali and some islands around has some activities in this area in partnership with stakeholders. Toursim is an important beneficiary as artificial coral reef will be important for variety of fish species which divers are interested to watch.