Credit: Worawut Koedprang (Thailand)
The green mussel, Perna viridis is the most important species cultured along the coast of Thailand. It contributes around 62% (about 193,000 tons) of shell fish production and around 21% of total brackish water aquaculture production. At present, all seed used in green mussel aquaculture is naturally obtained. Green mussels are cultivated by extending the wing of the traditional bamboo stake trap, or staking bamboo poles, or coconut palm fronds into the muddy bottom at a depth of 4-8 meters to allow the mussel spats to settle on them. Several new techniques for culture mussel have recently been introduced. These are polyethylene rafts, longlines and racks.