This lecture has been delivered during October, 2014 as the preliminary lecture in the Fish Culture Development training course. This course is annually organized by the “Egyptian International Centre for Agriculture – EICA”. The purpose of delivering this lecture is to share the Egyptian experience in aquaculture especially in the light of the remarkable development of aquaculture in Egypt. The lecture began with historic information and proceeded with the development till the present. The features of development have been highlighted including farming systems and farmed species. The trade and consumption are also covered. The share of fish production in Egypt in relation to African and global fish production is addressed. Fish imports, exports and available fish consumption are covered in the lecture. Because of the importance of governing regulations, the institutional framework has been addressed. The lecture concluded by key issues of concerns as well as the development outlook in relation to the national strategy of fish production. Farming infrastructures and supporting activities are addressed including fish hatcheries, fish feed mills and others.