This lecture was delivered during October, 2014 as an introductory component in Fish Culture Development training course. This course is annually organized by the “Egyptian International Centre for Agriculture – EICA”. This particular lecture links production elements in various aquaculture systems. Thus, the lecture begins with developing project objectives whether general or specific. The targeted fish species in relation to farming system as well as marketing has been addressed. The key production inputs including seed and feed are covered. The project infrastructure and machinery are addressed. Main aquaculture systems are covered in this lecture including farm, hatchery and integrated systems. The lecture concluded with the analysis of project proposal either through SWOT (Strength- Weakness- Opportunity – Threat) and economic analysis. The impact of proper or improper planning on the success of aquaculture projects have been focused on throughout the lectures which is supported by illustrations and case studies.